There are two main categories of wood, hardwoods, and softwoods. Both are used in different types of structures. However, the difference between the two has nothing to do with the actual hardness or density, but with how the tree propagates.
In the simplest way, wood is classified as hardwood if the seeds it produces have a layer in the shape of a fruit or shell. Conifers produce uncovered seeds and drop them on the ground. These biological differences affect the properties of wood, which in turn affects its use. Read the complete guide to hard and softwood.
Plywood and hardwood are derived from different types of trees, and there are some differences between the two. Some of these differences are explained here. Hardwoods come from trees found in different parts of the world, while conifers come from trees found especially in the Northern Hemisphere. Hardwoods grow slower than softwoods and are primarily used for furniture. The trees that provide hardwoods fall to maturity, but conifers are commonly referred to as “evergreens” because of their longevity. Hardwoods are much denser than less dense softwoods. Although softwood is widely used in the furniture industry, it is less durable than hardwood. Conifers are widely used in the manufacture of furniture and the construction of homes and sheds. Hardwoods are used on a small scale and are used in the manufacture of furniture and ornaments, but on a smaller scale than softwoods. Hardwoods are more expensive than softwoods. Hardwoods are much more expensive and have limited use of hardwoods in furniture and other areas. The microscopic structures of both types of wood are also different from each other. Conifers have only two types of cells: horizontal beam cells and vertical wood fibers. Hardwoods, on the other hand, have pores that facilitate water transport in hardwoods compared to softwoods. Hardwood is widely used in the production of flooring and high-quality furniture. Hardwoods are also used in the manufacture of boats and wooden toys. Conifers are used in the construction of some buildings, stairs, terraces, and some furniture.
Hardwood is considered the most versatile material in a variety of applications, including beautiful siding and furniture, musical instruments, flooring, construction, and boat building. It is a material of true beauty and is available in a myriad of combinations of seeds, specifications, and colors. Due to its more complex and condensed structure, hardwoods usually offer excellent levels of strength and durability. The most common types of hardwoods are oak, teak, Sapele, iroko, and meranti. These factors contribute to the cost of wood as it grows at a much slower rate and requires longer drying times. Hardwoods tend to be much stronger than softwoods and are often reserved for projects that require maximum durability. Hardwoods such as beech, maple, and walnut are often reserved for custom woodworking projects, handmade furniture, hardwood floors, and veneers. This type of hardwood is ideal for these tasks because it requires certain aesthetic characteristics such as wood color and grain.
Arnold Labor has decades of hardwood experience to meet the exact timber requirements of businesses and individuals. We carry what we believe to be one of the UK’s widest range of wood products and we are proud of our high standards of wood. Our goal is to be able to meet almost all the requirements of hardwoods in stock. If you can’t, it will be special. We also offer complete machining services, from simple lengths of wood to complex moldings.
Softwood is gymnosperms that propagate by pollen forming cones that spread to other trees in the wind. Pollinated trees form what is known as “naked seeds”, which either fall to the ground or are blown away and grow elsewhere.
These trees usually have needles and cones, so they are recognized as conifers such as spruce and pine. Other examples of conifers include sugi, douglas fir, juniper, redwood, cypress, and larch. Most conifers are evergreens, but with some exceptions (such as larch), it is best to stick to the technical classification as softwood or pinofitas. Most softwoods are less dense than most hardwoods and therefore easier to cut because they grow faster than most hardwoods. They are also generally cheaper to harvest.
Use of softwood and hardwood
Hardwood and softwood are often used for many of the same purposes. However, in general, softwoods are cheap and easy to handle. Thus, they make up the majority of all wood used in the world, and about 80% of the wood is coniferous. Softwood has a wide range of uses and is used in components (such as windows and doors), furniture, and building components such as fiberboard.
Hardwoods are usually more expensive and sometimes awkward to handle, but the advantage is that they are mostly (but not all) dense. In other words, it lasts longer than softwood. For this reason, hardwoods are common in high-quality furniture, decks, floors, and structures designed to last.
As a wood scientist, Arnold Labor has extensive in-house production facilities for machining and manufacturing hard and soft lumber. Some warehouses have modern, well-equipped factories that can provide efficient and timely service to different manufacturing requirements. If you have a future project and are not sure which wood is best for you, please call us. We will help you decide on the best option.
Hardwoods and softwood under construction
In fact, driving a nail increases the chances of a dense bush tearing. Softwood doesn’t break easily. Therefore, it may be tempting to say that denser and harder wood is suitable for construction, but this is not always true. Softwood is soft and lightweight and can be easily grabbed without tearing the nails, making it ideal for general construction where hardwood boards need to be pierced or screwed. In fact, about 80% of all wood comes from softwood and is also found in building parts such as windows and doors and medium-density fiberboard (MDF).